What are Stem Cells?
These are unspecialized cells in our bodies that have the capacity to change into any healthy cell in our body. The adult stem cell can self-renew (make exact copies of itself) as well as transform or differentiate (develop into more specialized cells) to yield some or all of the major specialized cell types of a tissue or organ. They have the ability to replicate indefinitely as compared to normal somatic cells. Stem cells are the foundation for every organ and tissue in your body.
How do Stem Cells function?
Stem cells have the capacity to migrate to injured tissues, a phenomenon called homing. This occurs by injury/disease signals that are released from the distressed cells/tissue. Once stem cells arrive to the site of injury or deploy into the blood stream, they go to these distressed signals and dock on adjacent cells to commence performing their job.
They serve as a cell replacement where they change into the required cell type such as muscle cell, bone or cartilage. This is ideal for traumatic injuries and orthopaedic indications.
They do not express specific human leukocytes antigens (HLAs) which help them avoid the immune system. In fact, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) do this so well that they are in clinical studies for graft vs. host disease and have been approved for pediatric graft vs. host disease in Canada.
Stem cells dock on an adjacent cell and release proteins called growth factors, cytokines and chemokines. These factors help control many aspects systemically.
They control the immune system and regulate inflammation which is a key mediator of diseases, of aging and of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis.
They help to increase new blood vessel formation which aids in adding vasculature so that tissues receive proper blood flow and the correct nutrients needed to heal as in the case of stroke, peripheral artery disease and heart disease.
Stem cells provide trophic support for surrounding tissues and help host endogenous repair. This works well when used for orthopedics. In case of diabetes, it may help remaining beta cells to reproduce or function optimally.
As CSN research evolves, the field of regenerative medicine and stem cells offer the greatest hope for those suffering from degenerative diseases, conditions for which there is currently no effective treatment or conditions that have failed conventional medical therapy.
About Stem Cell Treatment
Stem cell treatment is a complex process allowing us to harvest the body’s own repair mechanism to fight against degeneration, inflammation and general tissue damage. Stem cells are cells that can differentiate into other types of tissue to restore function and reduce pain.
Adult stem cells are found in abundance in adipose (fat) tissue, where more than 5 million stem cells reside in every gram.
Our medical doctors extract stromal vascular fraction (SVF) from your own body to provide treatment using your very own cells. This process is called autologous therapy. Our multi-specialty team deploys SVF under an institutional review board (IRB). This is an approved protocol that governs investigational work and the focus is to maintain safety of autologous use of SVF for various degenerative conditions.
Stem cells have been used to treat a range of medical conditions including:
- Congestive Heart Failure
- Autoimmune Neuropathy
- Crohn’s Disease
- Critical Limb Ischemia
- Degenerative Orthopedic conditions
- Osteoarthritis Treatment
- Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment
- Muscle & Tendon Tears
- Ligament & Cartilage Tears
- Disc Bulges & Herniation
- Rotator Cuff Syndrome
- Neuropathic Pain
- Hip Pain
- Knee Pain
- Shoulder Pain
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Muscular Dystrophy
- Myasthensia Gravis
- Myocardial Infarction
- Lichen Sclerosus
- Erectile Dysfunction
- Rectal Fistula
- Severe Peripheral Arterial Disease
- Traumatic Brain Injury and Concussion